The 2030 Agenda, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, represents the Global Action Plan for the achievement of a sustainable transformation of society, economy and environment.
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the relative 169 specific targets in which they are declined, balance the three dimensions of sustainable development, extending the 2030 Agenda from the social pillar provided for by the Millennium Goals, to the other two pillars, economic and environmental, to which is added the institutional dimension.
They are universal, interconnected and indivisible, they must take into account specific territorial realities and are potentially applicable everywhere, on a global, national and local (regional and / or urban) level. There are numerous references to the well-being of people and to an equitable distribution of the benefits of development, intra generational and intergenerational. “No one left behind” is one of the key principles.
The United Nations Inter Agency Expert Group on SDGs (UN-IAEG-SDGs) has proposed a list, revised in 2020, of 232 indicators necessary for their monitoring, which constitute the statistical reference framework worldwide.
The dissemination of the third edition of the Report on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) takes place in the presence of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has accelerated the need for a unified vision capable of developing and implementing an appropriate strategy for economic, social and environmental development, paying attention to the interdependencies of the various aspects and oriented towards sustainability.