Between 2002 and 2011, more than 3.5 million non-national people immigrated into Italy. Among them, about one million were Rumanian citizens.
In the same period, 175 000 emigrants left the Country. However, it should be noted that 281 000 non-nationals were deregistered “ex-officio” for not residing in the Country anymore.
After the peak in 2007, the number of immigrants shows a decreasing trend. The latest figures available reveal a substantial decline in immigration in 2011 as compared with 2010 (-13.8%).
During 2011, 386 000 people immigrated into Italy, while 82 000 emigrants left the Country. Therefore, the migration balance is positive and equal to 304 000.