Population drops, but not to the 2020-21 biennium level
Birth rate at an all-time low, mortality still high: less than 7 newborns and more than 12 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants.
Recovery of attractiveness from foreign countries: the net migration rises from +88thousand in 2020 and +160thousand in 2021 to +229thousand in 2022.
Internal migration on the rise: changes of residence between municipalities are 1 million 484thousand, +4% over 2021, +10% over 2020.
Slight increase in the number of foreigners: as of January 1, 2023 the foreign population is 5 million and 50thousand units, increasing by 20thousand individuals (+3.9‰) on the previous year.
- 1.24 – The total fertility rate
- 82.6 years – The life expectancy at birth
- 22,000 – The centenarians as of January 1, 2023