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Press release

Environment and economy: main indicators - Years 2018-2020

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The crisis reduces pressures on the environment, expenditure on environmental protection is stable

In 2020, the main pressure indicators of the environmental accounts decreased, compared to 2019, to an extent close to the decrease in GDP (-9% in volume).

Net energy consumption is equal to 6.5 million terajoules (-8.8%), Greenhouse gas emissions to 392 million tons (Mt) of CO2 equivalent (‑10.2%) and Domestic material consumption to 459 Mt (-7.7%).

The reduction in the revenue from environmental taxes was more marked, falling to 50.4 billion euros (-13.5%).


Reference period: Years 208-2020

Date of Issue: 10 March 2023



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