In 2018, 172,553 road accidents occurred in Italy resulting in death or injury, down comparing with 2017 (-1.4%), with 3,334 deaths (within 30 days) and 242,919 injured (-1.6%) (Chart 1).
The number of deaths decreases in respect to 2017 (-44 units, -1.3%), after the increase detected in the previous year.
Among the victims, the number of pedestrians (612, +2%), moped users (from 92 victims up to 108) and trucks occupants (189, +16%) increased. The motorcyclists (687, -6.5%), cyclists (219, – 13.8%) and passenger cars users (1,423, – 2.8%) showed a decrease.
Although, in total, the amount of deaths decrease, the number of casualties on motorways (including ring roads and motorways junctions) increased – from 296 in 2017 to 330 in 2018; +11.5% – due to the accident occurred in Genoa on August 14, 2018 on the Morandi Bridge of the A10 Genoa-Savona-Ventimiglia, which involved many vehicles and caused 43 victims. The number of fatal accidents on motorways remains, however, stable, rising from 253 to 258 cases, between 2017 and 2018. On rural and built-up-area roads a decrease of victims is recorded (1,603 deaths; -0.7 % and 1,401 deaths; -4.5%).
In the European Union, in 2018, the number of road accidents victims decreased slightly (-1% compared to 2017): about 25,000 against 25,321 in 2017. In the comparison between 2018 and 2010 (benchmark year for road safety), the deceased decreased by 21% in Europe and 19% in Italy. Every million inhabitants, in 2018 there are 49.1 deaths due to road accidents in the EU28 and 55.2 in Italy, which rises from 18th to 16th in the
Distraction, failure to observe precedence rules and high speed (40.7% in total) were among the most frequent misbehaviors. The most sanctioned violations of the Road Code were, in fact, failure to comply with the signs, failures to use safety devices and the use of mobile phone driving and speed excess.
The year 2018 the new registrations increased by 1% compared to the previous year, the car fleet was 1.3%. Motorway journeys, over about 6,000 kilometers of road net, shows show a substantial stability (+ 0.4%), with an increase of 2.3% compared to 2017 only for heavy goods vehicles, and with over 84 billion km traveled.
Road accidents by regions – Year 2018
(Geographical data referred to mortality and road accident rates)