In 2016, units owned by general government in Italy were 9,240 with 880,602 employed people (-4.6% and -0.3% respectively compared with 2015).
General Government’s control of the analyzed units ranged from 50% to 100% (60.1%); from 20% to 50% (15.0%); below 20% (24.9%).
The active enterprises owned by general government in Italy were 6,576 with 846,720 persons employed. Inactive enterprises were 998 (-8.7% with respect to the previous year), nevertheless presenting in 2016 a fiscal declaration.
The territorial distribution of active enterprises showed a concentration of employed people in central Italy (56.2%) and enterprises (23.7%). The average size of active enterprises in central Italy amounted to 306 persons employed per company and was mainly influenced by enterprises located in the Lazio region.
Compared with the previous year, the number of active enterprises participated by at least one regional or local public administration decreased by 5% (4,600).
Focusing on public corporations (share above 50%), active enterprises in Italy were 3,960 (610,771 employees). Net of financial and banking sector (NACE Section K), public corporations generated about 55 billion of value added (approximately 9.5% of total enterprises in industry and services).
The sectoral composition and size of enterprises controlled by the public administration influenced the levels of labour productivity (measured in terms of value added per employee), that amounted to 92,000 euros compared with 60,000 euros for enterprises not controlled by the public administration.
Public corporations that reported a loss in 2016 were 21.7% (down from 23.5% in 2015).
Domenico De Siena
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