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Press release

Mental health at various stages of life

Depression is the most common mental disorder in Italian population. Over 2.8 million people suffered from chronic depression during the past 12 months (5.4% people aged 15 and over in 2015). About 1.3 million people (2.5%) suffered from current major depressive symptoms during the past two weeks.

In Italy depression is less widespread than in most European Countries. The prevalence is 1.7% in the age group 15-44 years old compared to 5.2% of the EU-28 average. On the contrary, the prevalence in the elderly population exceeds of 3 percent points the Eu-28 average.

Depression is often associated with severe chronic anxiety. Overall, 7% of people aged 15 years and over suffered from anxiety or chronic depression during the past 12 months (3.7 million people).

The prevalence of depression and severe chronic anxiety increases with age (from 5.8% at age 35-64 years to 14.9% after age 64). Compared to men, the disadvantage of women emerges in adulthood and get worse in elderly people.

Low socio-economic status is associated with anxious-depressive disorders. The prevalence of depression and anxiety doubles in adults with low education compared to higher educated people and triples in the elderly (16.6% compared to 6.3%). In this latter group, however, the differences by income are less significant.

For information

Lidia Gargiulo
ph. +39 06 4673.7251
gargiulo@istat.it

Rita  De Carli
ph. +39 06 4673.7354
decarli@istat.it

Francesco Grippo
ph. +39 06 4673.7409
frgrippo@istat.it

Laura Iannucci
ph. +39 06 46737213
iannucci@istat.it

Reference period: Years 2015-2017

Date of Issue: 26 July 2018

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