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Consumer and business confidence

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With regard to the consumer survey, the confidence climate index increased in August 2017 from 106.9 to 110.8. All components improved: economic, personal, current and future (from 123.1 to 128.1, from 101.6 to 105.6, from 106.3 to 109.3 and from 108.4 to 114.0, respectively). The balance concerning expectations on unemployment lowered from 37.1 to 32.3. The balance on inflation perceptions referring to the last 12 months and the balance on inflation expectations for next 12 months grew from -13.1 to -11.1 and from -13.7 to -9.5.

With reference to the business surveys, the composite business confidence climate index (IESI, Istat Economic Sentiment Indicator) increased from 105.6 to 107.0.

The confidence index in manufacturing increased from 107.8 to 108.1 Assessments on order books worsened, while production expectations improved. The balance on inventories decreased.

The confidence index in construction decreased (index from
131.1 to 128.4). Both assessments on order books/construction plans and employment expectations worsened (balance from -24.3 to -26.6 and from -2.6 to -3.7, respectively).

The market services confidence index increased from 105.1 to107.0. Assessments on order books worsened (balances from 10.8 to 9.8) while expectations on order books and assessments on business trend improved (balances from 5.4 to 9.2 and from 10.6 to 13.9 respectively).

The retail trade confidence index decreased from 108.8 to 105.3. Both assessments on current sales and expectations on future sales worsened (the first balance from 20.5 to 16.4, the second one from 24.1 to 20.7). The balance concerning volume of stocks increased (from 10.6 to 13.9). The index worsened in the large scale distribution (from 110.1 to 104.3) and increased in small and medium scale distribution (from 103.8 to 105.2).

Reference period: August 2017

Date of Issue: 28 August 2017

Next release: 27 September 2017