Data refer to 2013 for the business structure and economic activities carried out abroad by Italian-controlled enterprises, and to 2014-2015 for new investments abroad with a majority share, including information on their geographical and business functions breakdown.
In 2013, 22,004 Italian foreign affiliates operated in more than 160 countries. These enterprises employed about 1.8 million persons, and generated a turnover of 542 billion euros. The economic relevance of these enterprises, as compared to resident businesses, was equal to 15.1% of turnover, and 18.7% of turnover excluding the purchase of goods and services, where this latter variable represents a rough proxy for value added.
Italian foreign affiliates in manufacturing accounted for almost 6,600 enterprises, representing slightly more than a half of Italian affiliates active in non financial services. However, their relevance as compared to resident businesses is remarkable than non-financial services.
Industrial activities carried out abroad by MNEs were more remarkable in United States (130 thousands employed by Italian affiliates), Romania (90 thousands persons), Brazil (89 thousands) and China (79 thousands), while services activities carried out abroad by MNEs were mainly located in the United States (111 thousands) and Germany (70 thousands).
Per capita labour cost in Italian foreign affiliates was particularly low in Serbia (6.0 thousand euro), India (7.2 thousand euro), Romania and China (7.9 thousand euro) while it was higher in France (56.6 thousand euro), United States (56.0 thousand euro) and Germany (53.3 thousand euro).
Next release date: 29 November 2016