Istat publishes data on the structure and size of enterprise groups in Italy in 2013 under the classification of economic activities Nace Rev. 2, which came into force from 1st January 2008. The information is taken from the statistical business register on enterprise groups, built up in accordance with the provisions of European Regulation No. 177/2008 696/1993, according to an harmonized methodology adopted by Eurostat. The register is created integrating administrative sources and statistical sources.
Enterprise groups in Italy in 2013 were more than 92 thousand, including over 212 thousand Italian active enterprises and they employed over 5.5 million persons. In comparison to 2012 the number of groups increased by 2.2 percent, the persons employed involved decreased by 0.8 per cent.
The groups regard about one-third of the persons employed of the active enterprises which are in the business register of active enterprises, Asia. The weight of the groups, in terms of persons employed, is 56.8 percent if calculated it in comparison only to the corporations.
Enterprise groups present polarized characteristics varying among few structures of large size with remarkable economic weight and many groups of small and very small size.
75.2 percent of the groups have an elementary structure (1-2 Italian active enterprises); those with a more complex structure (more than 10 resident enterprises) are the minority but they play a strategic role in terms of employment, with nearly two million of persons employed.
82% of groups are all-resident groups, since they control enterprises resident in national territory.18% of groups with at least one Italian active enterprise are multinational groups, of which 10.6% is controlled by a non-resident unit ..
87.2% of persons employed of corporations belong to groups and they are employed in monetary and financial sector, 57.3% in the industry sector and 54.1% in other services.
Among the corporations with over 500 persons employed, those who belong to groups employed 94.8% of the total for this size class; the coverage grows up to 100% for 10 sectors of economic activity.
Enterprises groups generate over 364 billion euro of value added, about 70% of the value added of corporations operating in the sectors of industry and services and 73.2% of turnover.
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