In 2013, the number of road accidents resulting in deaths or injuries in Italy was 181,227, with 3,385 killed (deaths within 30 days) and 257,421 injured persons.
Comparing 2013 data with the previous year (2012), a decrease by 3.7% for accidents, 3.5% for injuries and 9.8% for killed persons is recorded. In Italy the decrease of persons killed in road accidents, between 2001 and 2013, is 52.3%, and the number of deaths decreased from 7,096 to 3,385.
In the EU28 Countries, in 2013, 26,010 persons died in road accidents; in 2012, 28,298 victims were registered, with a percentage change in the number of deaths, between 2013 and 2010, equal to -17.7%. The same variation has been recorded, for the same period, in Italy. The number of deaths per million inhabitants in the EU28 countries, in 2012, was 51.4. In Italy this value was 56.2, thus putting Italy in the fourteenth position in the European ranking, behind United Kingdom, Spain, Germany and France.
During 2013, 136,438 road accidents, 184,683 injured and 1,421 killed persons were counted in the urban area roads. Regarding the motorways, the road accidents were 9,265, the injured persons 15,447 and the killed persons 321. On the other rural roads (motorways excluded), 35,524 road accidents, 57,291 injured and 1,643 killed were recorded.
The mortality index, calculated through the ratio between deaths and road accidents (per 100), shows that the most dangerous accidents occur on rural roads (motorways excluded), where 4.63 deaths every 100 road accidents happens. The inside urban area road accidents are less dangerous than the others (1.04 deaths per 100 accidents). For the motorways, the index is equal to 3.46 (per 100). On the rural roads and motorways a decrease of the mortality index, between 2013 and 2012 was recorded (values for 2012: 3.51 and 5,03).
The mortality index reaches the highest value between 3 and 6 o’clock a.m. (daily average 1.87 deaths per 100 accidents) The day of the week with the highest mortality index level is Sunday (3.1 deaths per 100 accidents).Considering the time, during the night (between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.), the highest mortality index level is reached on rural roads or motorways and on Monday and Sunday nights (8.32 and 7.94 deaths per 100 accidents)
Victims in road accidents are mainly drivers (67.9%), passengers and pedestrians correspond, in that order, to 15.9% and 16.2%.
Among drivers killed in road accidents (2,297 in total), people between 20 and 44 years old (968 in total) are mainly involved in road accidents. Deaths are registered mainly for young people in the age classes 20-24, and for 40-44 years old adults (219 deaths and 218 deaths, respectively).
Cars represent the vehicle category mainly involved in road accidents (67.5%), while motorcycles account for 12.8% out of total vehicles involved, trucks 6.4%, bicycles 5.3% and moped 4.5%.
Motorcycles result to be the most dangerous vehicles category (mortality index 1,68 deaths per 100 vehicles involved), followed by bicycles (1,41) and moped (0,84).