During 2013, on the basis of a preliminary estimate, 182,700 road accidents resulting in death or injury were counted. The number of deaths, within thirty days, is 3,400, while the injured persons are 259,500.
Compared to 2012, a decrease of road accidents resulting in death or injury (-2.2%) and the number of deaths (-6.9%), a decrease of injuries has been registered too (-2.0%).
In 2013, the mortality index, calculated as the percentage ratio between the number of deaths and the number of accidents resulting in death or injury, is equal to 1.86. This value is slightly lower than the same index in 2012 (1,96).
The percentage change of the number of deaths, in respect to 2001, is -52.1% for 2013 (Chart 1). Between 2011 and 2013 the variation is equal to -11.9%.
The most significant contribution to the decrease in the number of victims in road accidents is due, in 2013, to the decline of mortality on extra urban roads (-8.6%) and on urban roads (-8.5%). The value is stable on the highways, where the reduction was consistent in the previous years.
The mortality index, by accident road type, based on the 2013 preliminary estimate, is equal to 3.44 on the highways, 4.62 on the extra urban roads and 1.04 on the urban and minor extra urban roads.
The European program of action for road safety 2011-2020 has the target of halving the number of deaths on European roads by 2020 and a significant reduction in serious injuries. For this purpose, to establish a target, it is necessary that EU countries apply an harmonized definition of severity of injuries established at the international level.
With reference to the international context, the preliminary estimates of mortality rates, calculated as the ratio between the number of deaths in road accidents and the resident population (rates per 1,000,000 inhabitants), recorded in 2013 among the countries of the EU28, vary in a range from 27 for Sweden and 93 for Romania. The value for Italy is equal to 57, compared with a European average of 52 deaths per million inhabitants.
The average percentage change in Europe (EU28) of the number of deaths in road accidents, between 2012 and 2013, amounts to -7.6%. Between 2011 and 2013, this variation, among EU28 Countries, is equal to -15.3%.