In April 2020, in comparison with the previous month, employment significantly decreased and unemployment sharply fell together with a relevant increase of inactivity.
On a monthly basis, the decline of employment (-1.2%, -274 thousand) concerned both men (-1.0%, -131 thousand) and women (-1.5%, -143 thousand), and brought the employment rate to 57.9% (-0.7 p. p.).
In the last month, also the remarkable fall of the unemployed people (-23.9%, -484 thousand) was recorded for both men (-17.4%, -179 thousand) and women (-30.6%, -305 thousand). The unemployment rate dropped to 6.3% (-1.7 percentage points) and the youth rate fell to 20.3% (-6.2 p.p.).
In April the considerable growth of inactive people aged 15-64 (+5.4%, +746 thousand) was registered for both men (+6.0%, +307 thousand) and women (+5.0%, +438 thousand), leading the inactivity rate to 38.1% (+2.0 percentage points).
With respect to the previous quarter, in the period February – April 2020, employment considerably decreased (-1.0%, 226 thousand) for both genders.
In the last three months, also the number of unemployed persons decreased (-20.4%, -497 thousand), while a growth among inactive people aged 15-64 years was registered (+5.2%, +686 thousand).
Compared to March 2019, employment showed a decrease in terms of figures (-2.1%, -497 thousand) and rate (-1.1 percentage points).
On a yearly basis, the decrease of employed people was accompanied by a fall of unemployed persons (¬-41.9%, -1 million 462 thousand) and a growth of inactive people aged 15-64 (+11.1%, +1 million 462 thousand).
The survey process encountered some difficulties caused by the current health emergency, in particular in the data collection phase. Data treatment strategies have contrasted negative statistical effects and allowed for April 2020 data dissemination.