According to preliminary estimates, in February 2020 the Italian consumer price index for the whole nation (NIC) was stable on monthly basis and increased by 0.4% with respect to February 2019 (from +0.5% in the previous month).
The slowdown of the growth on annual basis of All items index was mainly due to the deceleration of prices of Non-regulated energy products (from +3.2% to +1.2%), of Services related to transport (from +2.6% to +1.5%) and, to a lesser extent, of Tobacco (from +2.9% to 1.5%) and Unprocessed food (from +0.8% to +0.2%); these dynamics were partially offset by the speed-up of prices of Processed food including alcohol (from +0.6% to +1.1%) and by the lower decrease of Services related to communication (from -5.2% to -2.8%).
Both core inflation (excluding energy and unprocessed food) and inflation excluding energy were +0.8%, both the same as in the previous month.
The zero variation on monthly basis of All items index was due to opposite dynamics: on one side the decrease of prices of Non-regulated energy products (-1.4%) and of Services related to transport (-0.8%), and on the other side the increase of prices of Unprocessed food (+0.6%).
The annual rate of change of prices of Goods was -0.1% (from +0.1%) and that one of prices of Services was +1.0% (the same as in the previous month). As a consequence, the inflationary gap between Services and Goods was still positive and equal +1.1 percentage points (+0.9 in January).
Prices of Grocery and unprocessed food increased by 0.4% on monthly basis and +0.7% on annual basis (up from +0.6% in the previous month).
In February 2020, according to preliminary estimates, the Italian harmonized index of consumer prices (HICP) decreased by 0.4% on monthly basis, mainly due to the winter sales of Clothing and footwear, which are not taken into account in the national index NIC. The HICP increased by +0.3% with respect to February 2019 (from +0.4% in the previous month).