In 2015, according to data from Eurostat, the number of persons who applied for political asylum in a European country has more than doubled compared with the previous year, significantly exceeding (1,257,030 million people).
Germany was the country that registered the highest number of applications (441,800, 35% of the total for European Union), followed by Hungary (174,435), Sweden (156,110) and Austria (85,505). In our country 83.245 requests (7% of the total) were submitted.
In Italy the relative weight of new permits issued each year for asylum and humanitarian protection increased considerably: it rose from 3.7% in 2007 to 28.2% in 2015.
At the same time the share of permits issued for employment reasons reduced significantly, decreasing from 56.1% to 9.1% for the period concerned.
In the last two years the flows for asylum and humanitarian reasons in Italy took up, in absolute terms as well, a dimension that was
never reached in the last nine years, from 9,971 in 2007 to 67,271.
On the basis of still provisional data, between 1 January and 31 October 2016, 64,162 new permits for asylum and other forms of protection (provisional data) were issued to adult migrants. That is to say, that in the first 10 months of the 2016 the number recorded for the whole 2015 (64,515) was almost reached.
At the beginning of 2016, there were 155,177 people in our country with a permit for asylum or humanitarian reasons, that is a share of 4% of the total residence permits. Considering only fixed-term permits those granted for reasons of asylum and humanitarian protection nearly approached 10%.
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