Istat disseminates the relative and absolute poverty estimations for the households residing in Italy, based on 2010 Households Budget Survey data. Being sample estimations, they are affected by sampling error: small differences can be not statistically significant.
In 2010 the relative poverty incidence was equal to 11%, whereas the absolute poverty to 4.6%. Taking into account the sampling error, the phenomenon was stable in comparison with 2009.
The relative poverty threshold, for a two-members household, was equal to 992.46 Euros, around 9 Euros higher than the 2009 threshold (+1%).
The relative poverty increased among households of 5 and more components (from 24.9% to 29.9%), households with aggregated members (from 18.2% to 23%) and single parent households (from 11.8% to 14.1%). The situation of the households with aggregated members (other typology households) worsened also in terms of absolute poverty (from 6.6% to 10.4%).
In the South and Islands, the relative poverty among the households with three or more minor children increased from 36.7% to 47.3%.
In Italy, the incidence for relative poverty increased among the households headed by a self-employed (from 6.2% to 7.8%) or by a person with a medium or high educational level (from 4.8% to 5.6%), following the worsening observed in the South and Islands (from 14.3% to 19.2% and from 10.7% to 13.9% respectively), especially for self-employed workers (from 18.8% al 23.6%). Among the households with a qualified or graduated reference person also absolute poverty increased (from 1.7% to 2.1%).
The condition of the households headed by a retired person with at least one member who has never worked and is not searching for a job, essentially couples of elderly with only one retirement income, worsened both in terms of relative and absolute poverty (from 13.7% to 17.1% and from 3.7% to 6.2%).
A better condition in relative terms is observed, in the Centre, among the households with two or more elderly persons (from 10.5% to 7.1%).The absolute poverty decreased for couples headed by a person with less than 65 years (from 3.0% to 1.9%), as result of the fact that, for this household typology, the presence of couples with two income receivers increased.