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Press release

Consumer prices

In January 2015, the Italian consumer price index for the whole nation (NIC) declined by 0.4% compared with the previous month and by 0.6% with respect to January 2014 (the annual rate was equal to zero in December 2014). The flash estimate was confirmed.

The dynamics on annual basis of the All items index was mainly due to the extension of the decrease of prices of Energy (in particular, of Non-regulated energy products which declined by 14.0%, down from -8.0% in December 2014) and to the slowdown of the growth of prices of services and specifically of the Services related to transport (+0.3%, from +2.0% in December 2014).

Excluding energy and unprocessed food, core inflation was down by half (+0.3%, from +0.6% in the previous month); excluding energy, the inflation was 0.3% (0.2 lower than in December 2014).

The decrease on monthly basis of All items index was mainly due to the decline of prices of Non-regulated energy products (-6.2%) – with the marked decline of prices of fuels –, of Electricity (-2.2%) and of Services related to transport (-2.3%), on which seasonal factors had an impact. This decline was partially balanced by the monthly increase of prices of Fresh vegetables (+6.8%), on which seasonal factors had an impact, too.
The annual rate of change of prices of Goods was -1.5% (from -0.8% observed in December 2014) and the annual rate of prices of Services was +0.5% (+1.0% in the previous month). As a consequence, the inflationary gap between Services and Goods increased by 0.2 percentage points with respect to December 2014.

Prices of Grocery and unprocessed food rose by 0.5% on monthly basis and held steady on annual basis (from -0.2% in December 2014).

In January 2015, the Italian harmonized index of consumer prices (HICP) decreased by 2.5% compared with the previous month and by 0.5% with respect to January 2014 (the flash estimate was -0.4%), down from -0.1% registered in December 2014. The large decrease on monthly basis was mainly due to the winter sales of Clothing and footwear (-23.5% compared with December 2014), which are not taken into account in the national index NIC.

Date of next release: 27 February 2015

Reference period: January 2015

Date of Issue: 20 February 2015

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