In 2011, 2,084 under-five year old children died in Italy. In 1887, the number of deaths was 399,505.
In this period (1887-2011), the corresponding mortality rate considerably dropped from 347 deaths per 1,000 live births to 4.
Today, the Italian mortality rate is one of the lowest in the world, better than in the U.S.A, but higher than in Sweden (7.3 and 3.0 per 1,000 live births, respectively).
In 2010, the African countries showed a high under-five mortality rate, similar to the Italian one in the Thirties, while the Asian states had a rate comparable to the Italian one in the Fifties.
At the end of 1800, children died mainly due to infectious diseases. In 2011, 72 percent of deaths were caused by conditions that had their origin in the fetal or perinatal period (48%) or by congenital malformations (24%).
Socio-demographic and Environmental Statistics Directorate
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