In Rome on 25 March 1957, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands signed two Treaties establishing the European Economic Community and Euratom. A first step towards the European Union.
Now, 60 years after the historical signing, Istat provides an original account of the evolution of Europe: it starts from the numbers to look beyond the differences between individual countries and focuses on overall changes, economic and social convergence, the effects of policies.
Divided in four different themes – population, society, labour, economy – one for each phenomenon investigated, Italy's data are compared with the E6 (the six founding countries) and the Eu28 aggregates (today's European Union) . The picture that emerges, in part unexpectedly, illustrates the long path followed, denies some rooted commonplace, and shows other perspectives of the current complex situation in Europe.
A representation of Europe’s dimensions in size, population and density introduces to the themes and phenomena.